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Incorporating Environmental and Natural Resources within Analyses of Multidimensional Poverty

How can multidimensional poverty measures that currently encompass social and economic dimensions be extended to include environmental deprivations that strike the poor simultaneously?  And can such extended measures better inform effective and integrated policy responses?  Research on joint Environmental and Natural Resources (ENR) and poverty issues is rich, and has contributed to bringing the  poverty-environment nexus to the fore.  Yet, no widely used multidimensional poverty measure identifies who and how the  socio-economically poor people are affected by ENR issues, at a large enough scale, and in ways that can respond to and inform public policies over the medium term.  This paper sets out how such a measure could be built.  In particular, it sets out how to include indicators of ENR deprivations into the profile of the joint deprivations people experience.  These deprivation profiles could then be used to compute multidimensional measures using the Alkire Foster (AF) methodology, with the difference that these would now encompass a subset of pertinent ENR deprivations. The paper clarifies the ENR data requirements for developing and analysing such a measure empirically.

Thiry, Géraldine; Alkire, Sabina; Schleicher, Judith. 2018.  Incorporating Environmental and Natural Resources within Analyses of Multidimensional Poverty. OPHI RESEARCH IN PROGRESS SERIES 50a. Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI), Oxford Department of International Development, Queen Elizabeth House (QEH), University of Oxford

Monograph
Year: 2018

Health Disorder of Climate Migrants in Khulna City: An Urban Slum Perspective

In the last decade, the population in Khulna City, Bangladesh increased by more than 20 per cent due to migration from nearby climate vulnerable districts. This study explores the health disorders of climate migrants occupying the urban slums and squats of the city area.

Rahaman, M. A., et al. 2018. Health Disorder of Climate Migrants in Khulna City: An Urban Slum Perspective. International Migration 56(5): 42-55.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/imig.12460
Journal Article
Year: 2018

Does climate matter? An empirical study of interregional migration in China

Using a robust empirical approach based on a correlated random effects model and a prefecture-level panel dataset, the study focuses on the role of local climate conditions in spurring interregional migration in China over the period 2000 to 2010.

Gao, L. and A. G. Sam. Does climate matter? An empirical study of interregional migration in China. Papers in Regional Science, https://doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12335

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12335
Journal Article
Year: 2018

Climate change, human impacts, and carbon sequestration in China

This paper explores the impacts of climate change and human activities on the structure and functioning of ecosystems, with emphasis on quantifying the magnitude and distribution of carbon (C) pools and C sequestration in China’s terrestrial ecosystems.

Fang, J., et al. 2018. Climate change, human impacts, and carbon sequestration in China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115(16): 4015-4020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1700304115
Journal Article
Year: 2018

Gravity of human impacts mediates coral reef conservation gains

The study found that only marine reserves in areas of low human impact consistently sustained top predators.

Cinner, J. E., et al. 2018. Gravity of human impacts mediates coral reef conservation gains. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115(27): E6116-E6125.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1708001115
Journal Article
Year: 2018

Global estimates of mortality associated with long-term exposure to outdoor fine particulate matter

The estimates from this study are severalfold larger than previous calculations, suggesting that outdoor particulate air pollution is an even more important population health risk factor than previously thought.

Burnett, R., et al. 2018. Global estimates of mortality associated with long-term exposure to outdoor fine particulate matter. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115(38): 9592-9597.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1803222115
Journal Article
Year: 2018

Climate Change and Gender in Rich Countries: Work, Public Policy, and Action

Climate Change and Gender in Rich Countries covers a wide range of issues dealing with work and working life. The book demonstrates the gendered distinctions in both experiences of climate change and the ways that public policy deals with it. The book draws on case studies from the UK, Sweden, Australia, Canada, Spain and the US to address key issues such as: how gendered distinctions affect the most vulnerable; paid and unpaid work; and activism on climate change. It is argued that including gender as part of the analysis will lead to more equitable and stronger societies as solutions to climate change advance. (from Phttps://www.routledge.com/Climate-Change-and-Gender-in-Rich-Countries-Wo...)

Marjorie Griffin Cohen (Editor). 2017. Climate Change and Gender in Rich Countries: Work, Public Policy, and Action. Routledge, New York, 2017, 322 pp., paper $42.95 (ISBN 978-1138222403).

Book
Year: 2018

Thirty years of land use/cover change in the Caribbean: Assessing the relationship between urbanization and mangrove loss in Roatán, Honduras

The results of this research suggest decrease island ecosystem resiliency to environmental stressors and impaired sustainability of tourism development due to rapid urbanization and tourism development in the Caribbean.

Tuholske, C., Z. Tane, D. López-Carr, D. Roberts and S. Cassels. 2017. Thirty years of land use/cover change in the Caribbean: Assessing the relationship between urbanization and mangrove loss in Roatán, Honduras.  Applied Geography 88: 84-93.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.08.018
Journal Article
Year: 2017

How can migration serve adaptation to climate change? Challenges to fleshing out a policy ideal

This is a conceptual and methodological paper with the objective of identifying possible different options for research into the consequences of migration for adaptation.

Gemenne, F. and J. Blocher. 2017. How can migration serve adaptation to climate change? Challenges to fleshing out a policy ideal. The Geographical Journal, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12205

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12205
Journal Article
Year: 2017

Syllabus: SDEV W3400 - Human Populations and Sustainable Development

Demographic processes and their outcomes in terms of population size, distribution and characteristics have a fundamental role in sustainable development and also broad policy implications. This course will introduce students to the scientific study of human populations as a contribution toward their understanding of social structure, relations, and dynamics, as well as society-nature interactions. We will consider the implications for population-environment relationships in the context of consumption trends, economic development, sustainability and cultural change.

Adamo, S. 2017. SDEV W3400 - Human Populations and Sustainable Development. Columbia University.

Educational Resource
Year: 2017

Pages